Tag Archives: Hariharan PV

2012 in review

The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

600 people reached the top of Mt. Everest in 2012. This blog got about 2,800 views in 2012. If every person who reached the top of Mt. Everest viewed this blog, it would have taken 5 years to get that many views.

Click here to see the complete report.

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The COCONUT Tree – a real Goldmine

Coconut trees dot across the entire coastal regions of the tropics except where the climate is dry (mainly in desert type climatic regions)

Click on the Photo to get enlarged viewBeautiful Coconut Trees

Beautiful Coconut Trees

An average Coconut tree has a life of about 100 years. But, most trees may become less productive after 60 years.

India has a sea coast line of over 6,500 Km and Coconut trees dot almost the entire stretch (about 6,000 Km). These trees are grown in the interior regions too (the Photo illustration above is one such interior region in the southern Karnataka State). The estimated number of trees in India is 1,200 million (almost one tree per individual in India!). Were we to consider the life of an average tree at 60 yrs, we could have a total of 30,000,000 trees for use annually. These could be converted into Engineered Composites ranging from small buttons to structural engineering products and sophisticated Auto components – resulting in wood substitutes, metal substitutes that results in conservation and less environmental damages. India could, thus, manufacture not less than 30,000,000 T of Coconut tree materials based engineered composites. If all of these were to replace wood used in engineering, homes, furniture etc … no tree would have to be cut in India for all wood based engineered products!

Coconut Fiber Converted Products

Coconut Fiber Converted Products

Click on the Photo to get enlarged viewProduction sequence

Please visit: http://www.cleantech.org/magazine/read/total-wood-substitute-using-vegetation-wastes_305.html

and http://tvdpworks.wordpress.com/

Updated on Oct 11, 2014

TOTAL VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS (TVDP) through ZW-ZC-BM

India has an estimated 638,596 villages; about 44,865 in these (roughly 7%) are uninhabited. These villages are home for an estimated 175,000,000 families (about 875 million people). The average percapita real earnings of village people is a paltry Rs.1,250 (about $25), against a minimum decent living earnings for an Indian today at Rs.75,000 ($1,500) per annum. The Government of India does not offer more than Rs.10,000 per individual as the total wages under the National Rural Employment Program (NREP); and that too for just one person per family. This makes it mandatory that we find and create Development schemes those would help these villagers earn at least the minimum decent living needs.

How may we raise the living standard of such a huge population of 875 million?

The answer lies in TOTAL VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS (TVDP), as against the current Industrialization and “Globalization” that has no relevance to local needs and resources. It is noted that an average village in India has about 350 ha of “productive” land. This is an effective total of 223,508,600 ha of
village/ farmland. On the basis of average per ha vegetation growth of 45 T (“green” weight), the estimated total green weight biomass in Indian villages would be 10,057,887,000 T. Additionally, one-fourth of the total estimated population of 875 million in the villages are in need of decent livelihood benefits (with average decent living standard percapita earnings of not less than  Rs.75,000 per annum). This is a whopping total of Rs.16,406,250,000,000. If this is 12.5% of the total value of “Wealth” creation, the annual wealth  generation should be Rs.131,250,000,000,000 ($2,853,260,869,565). We may note that India’s villages do have the following “wealth creation Potentials”:

1. Power potential (both Heat and Electricity combined) …………….. 274,600 MW
2. Bio-conversion Products (Engineering materials, Bio-petrochemicals) … 3,017,064,360 T
[Total Values at current rates … Rs.150,853,218,000,000  ($3,291,280,502,600)]

The questions: How do we arrive at such a development model? Do we have the Technology, Managerial capability and Entrepreneurship for these to happen? The answer to these questions is: YES We too CAN! Please also read: http://agrobiogenicscleantech.wordpress.com/2010/11/20/cleantech-euphoria/

Let us consider just TWO examples of Vegetation systems/ Plant growth – The Coconut Tree and Banana Tree … We may estimate the Coconut Tree resources in India’s coastal region alone as 18,768,750,000 T; and the total Banana plantation/ vegetation based resources would be 202,500,000 T. These are “Green” weights (with the water content also considered. Since there are both “food” materials and agro-wastes in these two Biomass categories, we shall consider only 50% of the biomass as being available for non-food conversions. While the entire available Banana tree biomass could be converted into Biogas based Methane, that from Coconut tree shall be considered for conversion into Engineered Products. The following are the Biomass conversions from Banana Trees and Coconut Trees [Note: The main Coconut tree could be considered as having a productive life of 60 years; hence the “dead tree” resources are computed on that basis = 63,750,000]:

1. Power generation through Banana Tree conversions ………………… 8290 MW
2. Power generation using 50% of available Coconut tree biomass … 3350 MW
2. Engineered products using balance Coconut Tree conversions ….. 50,595,237.5 T [Total Values of Products and Energy = Rs.2,530,264,723,000]. All these are waiting to happen

It is time that we re-look at the current euphoria of so-called Cleantech through Solar, Windmills, Atomic Power, Hybrids and so on. Nothing seems to have been done or thought of in taking advantage of the greatest readily available REAL Cleantech … the Alternate more Sustainable CLEANTECH THROUGH
BIOMASS! Are the world’s scientists, entrepreneurs, academicians, environmentalists, and all those involved in this huge lobbying of “CLEANTECH” listening?

AGRO-BIOGENICS and TVDP

AGRO-BIOGENICS are Working toward mitigation of Global Warming and Poverty (GWP), reducing the gap between “rich” and “poor” … with ultimate Objective of Providing decent Livelihood Earnings to every able bodied man/woman in villages. We do not follow, copy or mimic any so-called “State-of-the-Art” technology and also do not consider the same as relevant in India’s context. India has over 638,000 Villages where about 900 million people live, and where almost all our non-forest Renewable Resources are available. To
us, the contention that an alien technology (which are mostly developed in Temperate Zone climatic conditions of the Western world), could be “adapted” to suit our condition is NOT acceptable. We would even go to the extent of “reinventing the wheel” if it is warranted to suit to our Local Needs and  Conditions. We call up on Entrepreneurs/ Universities/ R & D Institutions for Joint Ventures that would utilize AVAILABLE RENEWABLE RESOURCES (Plants/ vegetation/ Animal matter/ Food wastes/ Organic Wastes)

HOW WE OPERATE: We encourage every Village in this country to be  converted into a Limited Company, where the Members/ Shareholders are the “Kartha’s” of each family in the village. The said Company would become the entity connected with the entire operational aspects of the Village. While the Company would enter into arrangement/ agreements with “outside” agencies/ institutions for the purposes of development, the management and operational powers shall be vested with the local Members of the Village Company.  AGRO-BIOGENICS would enter into an arrangement with ONE Prime Village Company in each of the 641 Districts in India. Each such “Primary” District Village Company would be named AB-APIX Prime_Village Co. For example, we are soon entering into our First such arrangement in a Karnataka State District = MANDYA. The Village name is SAMPAHALLI. The said Primary Company would be named: AB-APIX_MANDYA SAMPAHALLI Company . Mandya district has Seven Talukas (Mandya, Malavalli, Maddur, Pandavpura, Krishna Raj Pet, Srirangapatna and Nagamangala). The said APIX Prime Mandya Co would enter into arrangement with one Secondary Co in all Talukas. Thus, APIX_MANDYA-SAMPAHALLI would enter into arrangement with SIX other Taluka Co’s. Example would be: APIX_MANDYA-MADDUR-HULIKERE
Company (where the First Taluka Co for association with the Mandya Prime Co would be in Hulikere village)… Note: this is just for an example; in acrtual  practise the Village may be different. Here, the village Hulikere is a village in Maddur Taluka of Mandya district. Each such Secondary APIX Co would enter into arrangement with every other Village within the Taluka under its jurisdiction. The total number of Villages in Mandya district of Karnataka is 1478. Agro-Biogenics (AB) would support each Primary APIX Village Company in the Districts level through 100% Know-how, Management, technology and even Day-to-day Administration.

AB would become a shareholder of every Prime Village APIX Company (one each in the 641 Districts all over India). Each Primary Village APIX Co would become shareholders of the Secondary Taluka Level APIX Village Companies; and these Taluka level Companies would become shareholders in the various village Companies in each such Talukas. The modus operandi is as follows:

AB would be a shareholder in the Primary APIX Village companies with 49% Equity + Preference Shares; diluting the same to 19% equity by year 5 end; each Primary APIX Co and the Secondary APIX companies would have corresponding Share participation in the corresponding levels. While AB would offer TOTAL Know-how and Managerial support at the Primary APIX Village Co level, the others would offer the same supports to their corresponding level companies. There are no Royalties, Franchises and any Know-how fees; all supports are LIFE-TIME. Actual “costs” incurred in any of these supports (such as materials, labor, supervision, legal, travel etc) would be to the corresponding Company’s account.

And here is AGRO-BIOGENICS calling Entrepreneurs/Scientists/Technologists/Environmentalists/Social Business groups all over the tropics (particularly in India) to come forward …

 JOIN US IN DEVELOPING THE BIGGEST BUSINESSES that would help transform OUR NATIONS into DEVELOPED NATIONS.
 We believe that this NEW Business alone could develop and transform our nation into Developed Nation.

Let us work toward simultaneously solving Global Warming and Poverty (GWP), through this new business paradigm

http://agrobiogenicscleantechpvtltd.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/agro-biogenics-programs11.png

CHALLENGE US WITH YOUR PROBLEMS; EVERY PROBLEM OPENS UP BUSINESS POTENTIALS. WE SHALL CONVERT THOSE INTO BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES THAT GENERATE WEALTH!

We call up on Entrepreneurs/ Universities/ R & D Institutions for Joint Ventures that would utilize AVAILABLE RENEWABLE RESOURCES (Plants/ vegetation/
Animal matter/ Food wastes/ Organic Wastes)

AGRO-BIOGENICS (Clean-Tech) Pvt Ltd … Bangalore – India

Environmentally Neutral Engineering Composites for Boats and Aircrafts

TRADITIONAL ENGINEERING MATERIALS

Steel, Aluminum, Brass, Bronzes, Plastics, Polymer Composites and Wood are the most used traditional engineering materials. These have certain properties as follows: (CLICK on the TABLE to ENLARGE have a better View)

Certain Traditional Engineering Materials properties

Certain Derived Properties of Composites in Fibers, Compared with Steel

Fiber (40% uni-directional) Tensile Strength Sp.wt Sp. Tensile Strength Tensile Modulus Eq Wt Section Eq. Wt Rigidity Modulus Cost Factor
(MPa) (kg/m3) (m) (GPa) (cm) Carbon Steel = 1 cm (Kg-m2) (Rs/ Kg)
Bamboo 293 600 48833 18.32 13.08 3416 250
Bamboo-Glass 350 703 49786 18.23 11.16 2111 255
Hybrid Bamboo1 440 688 63953 22.85 11.4 2282 740
Hybrid Bamboo2 438.2 695 63050 27.09 11.29 3248 990
E-Glass 816.8 1474 55413 18.91 5.32 237.27 270
S-Glass 1104 1455 75876 23.16 5.39 302.22 510
Carbon Fiber 1222 1336 91467 74.95 5.87 1263 3210
Kevlar 49 1298 1243 104424 45.27 6.31 947.8 2210
Boron 946.5 1467 64519 92.94 5.35 1186 3810
High tensile Steel 4000 7900 50632 210 0.99 16.98 250
Low Carbon steel 400 7850 5095 210 1 17.5 60

Comparative Design Advantage of Hybrid Bamboo Composites:

In order that we are able to arrive at “optimum” engineered material system for a particular design need, we shall compare the “Rigidity factor” based on Low Carbon Steel (which is the standard structural engineering material)

The average thickness of Steel sheet material needed for the hull of a small 20 ft Dinghy that needs to be “seaworthy’ is 6 mm. The various thickness factors for the Composites (based on equivalent Rigidity factor) are presented below:

Fiber (40% uni-directional) Tensile Strength Sp.wt Sp. Tensile Strength Engineered Section Wt per Sq m Rigidity Modulus Fabrication Cost Factor
(MPa) (kg/m3) (m) (cm) Kg (Kg-m2) (Rs/ Sq m)
Low Carbon steel 400 7850 5095 0.6 47 3.78 5640
Bamboo (40%) 293 600 48833 1.36 8.16 3.84 3060
Bamboo-Glass 350 703 49786 1.36 9.56 3.82 3657
Hybrid Bamboo1 440 688 63953 1.26 8.67 3.8 7700
Hybrid Bamboo2 438.2 695 63050 1.2 8.34 3.9 9908
Kevlar 49 1298 1243 104424 1.01 13.11 3.88 33319

 It is noted that we could engineer superior structures using both 40% bamboo composite and bamboo-glass composites. The cost factors would be lesser than that of Low carbon steel structure, even at 50% excess thickness levels in the Bamboo composite structures. That would mean far superior Strength-Rigidity factors in the resultant engineered systems. See the Table below:

Fiber (40% uni-directional) Tensile Strength Sp.wt Sp. Tensile Strength Engineered Section Wt per Sq m Rigidity Modulus Fabrication Cost Factor
(MPa) (kg/m3) (m) (cm) Kg (Kg-m2) (Rs/ Sq m)
Low Carbon steel 400 7850 5095 0.6 47 3.78 5640
Bamboo (40%) 293 600 48833 2.04 12.24 12.96 4590
Bamboo-Glass 350 703 49786 2.04 14.34 12.89 5485

It is further noted that even at double the “minimum thickness” for “steel equivalent” Rigidity factor, the weight factor is only about one-fourth of steel … allowing us to have greater Strength-Rigidity-Economics

For more details on the subject of STRENGTH, RIGIDITY and related Factors, please visit the blog:

http://cr4.globalspec.com/comment/752322/Re-Optimized-Engineering-Materials-Through-Cleantech

Bamboo-Composite Molded Boat/ Dinghy (Click to Enlarge)

Please see the following blogs on this subject for more details:

1. http://cr4.globalspec.com/comment/750225/Re-Optimized-Engineering-Materials-Through-Cleantech

2. http://cr4.globalspec.com/comment/754912/Re-Optimized-Engineering-Materials-Through-Cleantech

We are now looking at the possibility of Designing and constructing a Lightweight AIRCRAFT (Two-Seater) using Hybrid Bamboo Composites. Please see here:

http://cr4.globalspec.com/comment/756431/Re-Optimized-Engineering-Materials-Through-Cleantech

Main Structure Syatems in a Lightweight Aircraft

ZERO-WASTE ZERO-CARBON FARMING

Please also visit: Real Value Additions using Agrowastes and http://agrobiogenicscleantechpvtltd.com/

It is estimated that an average farmland in India would support a total plants/ vegetation/ shrubs/ grasses growth of not less than 50 Tons of biomass. This is without any agricultural operations being carried on! It is also noted that each ton of “green weight” biomass could be anaerobically converted into the following:

1. Methane gas …………………………….. 75 Kg

2. Carbon Di Oxide ………………………. 130 Kg

3. Biofertilizer …………………………….. 63 Kg

4. H2S + Amines ………………………….. 2 Kg

5. Insitu Water …………………………….. 730 Kg

The Photo illustration shows “Natural Sustainable growth” in various farmlands in southern India. It is possible for every farmer to take advantage of AGRO-BIOGENICS TECHNOLOGIES and each ha of any farmland could GENERATE NOT LESS THAN Rs.300,000 (US $6667 at Jan 2011 values) WORTH PRODUCTS/ VALUE ADDITIONS per annum. This is over and above whatever is being generated now using current practices

For more details:

pvhramani@yahoo.com

2010 in review

The stats helper monkeys at WordPress.com mulled over how this blog did in 2010, and here’s a high level summary of its overall blog health:

Healthy blog!

The Blog-Health-o-Meter™ reads Minty-Fresh™.

Links for Interaction: https://zerowastezerocarbon.wordpress.com/links-for-interaction/

Crunchy numbers

Featured image

A Boeing 747-400 passenger jet can hold 416 passengers. This blog was viewed about 1,300 times in 2010. That’s about 3 full 747s.

In 2010, there were 3 new posts, growing the total archive of this blog to 4 posts. There were 32 pictures uploaded, taking up a total of 6mb. That’s about 3 pictures per month.

The busiest day of the year was December 1st with 22 views. The most popular post that day was ZERO-WASTE ZERO-CARBON BUSINESS – Banana-Plantation_example .

Where did they come from?

The top referring sites in 2010 were mail.yahoo.com, agro-biogenics.com, WordPress Dashboard, punecleantech.com, and mail.live.com.

Some visitors came searching, mostly for banana plantation, zero waste, banana plantations, crockery, and banana waste.

Attractions in 2010

These are the posts and pages that got the most views in 2010.

1

ZERO-WASTE ZERO-CARBON BUSINESS – Banana-Plantation_example November 2009
5 comments

2

Contact Us September 2010
1 comment

3

Closed-Loop Zero-Waste Zero-Carbon Processes December 2009
1 comment

4

Looking for Entrepreneurs as Promoter-Directors July 2010
2 comments

5

Materials Efficiency = Business Efficiency November 2009

REAL VALUE ADDITIONS IN ZW-ZC-BM

Please also read: https://zerowastezerocarbon.wordpress.com/closed-loop-zero-waste-zero-carbon-processes/

Also visit: http://agrobiogenicscleantechpvtltd.com

THE NEXT BIG-THING (TNBT) is not the sophisticated explorations and voyages to Pluto or the Stars nor the specialty robotic gadgets or genetically modified cells in micro-bio-technology; but it would be the New Business Paradigm that simultaneously answers GLOBAL WARMING and POVERTY (GWP). The “on-the-ground” development would be brought about through sustainable development and utilization of available Renewable Resources (RR). This results in the said new business paradigm: ZERO-WASTE ZERO-CARBON BUSINESS-MODEL (ZW-ZC-BM). The practical conversions are based on processing available RR, in the forms of Vegetation/animal/human resources + sunlight/rain/air.

An example of a vegetation specie is Banana. We would be converting banana plant wastes into products such as: Energy, Bio-petrochemicals, Molded Crockery, Molded Doors/ Wood substitute and many other utilitarian products. One of the highest value added products would be Molded Household Crockery

A Kg of banana plant fiber could be converted into 2.2 Kg of Molded Crockery (a few other ingredients would also be added in the molding composite). In value terms, $0.17 worth banana fiber would become 2.2 Kg crockery, worth $23.4 (these are approximate computations) – a value addition of 137.6 (13, 760%). Another product is wood substitute board (named: Molded Strand Board, MSB). In this case, each Kg of the fiber system would be converted into 4 Kg of MSB. The unit value of a Kg in MSB is estimated @ $1.27 (about 750% of the base value of banana plant wastes).

The implications of such value-additions are many. One, the resultant Business-Model is a “high-return” proposition for any investor; Two, the potential to convert such RR into huge businesses is evident; Three, the opportunities for local village (farmland) development are immense. The value of Molded Crockery potential in 1000 ha banana plantation is a whopping $234, 000, 000 (total productions = 22, 000 tons). Even if only half of these estimates were to be practically achieved, that would still be BIG Business!

 

An “OPEN DEAL” is presented here: http://www.ongreen.com/deal-marketplace/zero-waste-zero-carbon-business-model-energy-engineering-materials-bio-petrochemica

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Please note certain Facts on How 1 Kg Banana Stem Waste would become 2.2 Kg CROCKERY:

1. One “Full Size” South Indian Banana Stem/ Tree has about 50 Kg (green weight) average
2. Each such average banana tree would result in: 5 Kg Fibers (dry) + 2.5 Kg Organic Solids (dry) and 42.5 Kg water (about 28.5 Kg are recoverable)
3. The 50 Kg size Banana stem/ tree is available at site for US $0.833. This would mean that a Kg of the dry fibers are worth $0.166 (assuming there is no value for either the other Organic solids and water)
4. Each Kg of Molded Crockery would be a composite of the following: Banana Fiber = 0.454 Kg + Specialty Polymer = 0.454 + Inorganic Inert materials/ non-toxic Industrial Wastes = 0.092 Kg (Thus, every Kg of dry fiber would become 2.2 Kg of Crockery!)
5. We do not sell Crockery by weight! Instead, these are put inside excellent Packaging systems, with “Usage & care” pamphlet inside and also a pamphlet that would help the home maker know something about Cookery. All in all, these are sold as Dinner Sets, Tea/ Coffee Sets and the like. One such Set would have 4 Full Plates, 4 half Plates 4 Cups and 4 Saucers (weighing about 2.05 Kg, net), Sold to the Market @ $23.49

For answers against any doubts please contact on the mail ID below:

pvhramani@yahoo.com …    or   hariharanpv@agrobiogenicscleantech.com

Last updated on April 23, 2014

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